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داریوش هخامنشی و برخورد با مخالفین

نوشته شده توسط : قارانقوش
شنبه 30 مرداد 1395-05:58 ب.ظ



داریوش بزرگ، شاه هخامنشی، به استنادِ ادعاهایِ باستانگرایان، یكی از نقاط اوج در تاریخ ایران باستان است. كتیبه بیستون، كه به دستور او بر سینه‌ی كوهی در حوالی كرمانشاه نگاشته شده، گویای حقایق بسیاری از باورها و رفتارهای حكومت آرمانی هخامنشیان است. بخشی از آن را مرور میكنیم:

کتیبه بیستون، ستون 1 بند 8

ترجمه فارسی این بند از کتیبه: «داریوش شاه گوید: در این کشورها مردی که موافق بود او را پاداش خوب دادم آنکه مخالف بود او را سخت کیفر دادم».[1] همچنین در ترجمه بند پیشین آمده است: «داریوش شاه گوید: به این کشور به بخشش اهورامزدا به من داده شد و آنها به فرمان من هستند و خراج می‌دهند. آنچه آن‌ها را گفتم چه در شب و چه در روز انجامش دادند. داریوش شاه گوید: در این کشورها هر آنکس که وفادار بود او را پاداش دادم و هر آنکس که خیانت کرد او را سخت گوشمال دادم. به یاری اهورامزدا این کشورها قانون مرا پذیرفتند. همانگونه که به آن‌ها گفتم، همانگونه انجام دادند.»

در ترجمه انگلیسی (اثرِ L.W. King و R.C. Thompson) آمده است:
King Darius says: Within these lands, whosoever was a friend, him have I surely protected; whosoever was hostile, him have I utterly destroyed. By the grace of Ahuramazda these lands have conformed to my decrees; as it was commanded unto them by me, so was it done.[2]

آنچه گفته شد حقیقتی است كه در ترجمه‌های متعدد كتیبه آمده است.  مقصود از این گفتاربا كسانی است كه از تاریخ هخامنشیان كمترین آگاهی و دانشی ندارند، لیكن مدعی میراث‌بانیِ تاریخ ایران‌زمین اند...

پی‌نوشت:

[1]. متن كامل كتیبه بیستون، خبرگزاری میراث فرهنگی، ۲۷ آوریل ۲۰۱۱، بازبینی‌شده در ۲۹ ژانویه ۲۰۱۴، ستون ۱، بند ۸.
[2]. بنگرید به:
The Behistun inscription (translation), by L.W. King and R.C. Thompson, (The sculptures and inscription of Darius the Great on the rock of Behistun in Persia, 1907 London), by livius.org, Column 1, Chapter 8.
همچنین بنگرید به:
Thomas F. X. Noble, Barry Strauss, Duane Osheim, Kristen Neuschel, Elinor Accampo; Western Civilization: Beyond Boundaries, Volume I: to 1715, Wadsworth; Cengage Learning, 2013, Pp 39.
Richard Bulliet, Pamela Crossley, Daniel Headrick, Steven Hirsch, Lyman Johnson, The Earth and Its Peoples, Wadsworth: Cengage Learning, 2010, Pp 124.





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